Doug Messmann has sent the following photograph of his grandfather, Glenn E. Messmann, a veteran of the 8th Infantry Division who participated in the European Theater of Operations during WW II.
Glenn Messmann graduated from Leo High School in 1941 and died in September of 1979 when his grandson was 12 years old.
Doug Messmann writes that like a lot of WW II veterans, " ... he never talked about his time in the war [so] not much is known about his experiences."
Glenn Messmann's now-grown grandson is in the process of researching his grandfather's military experience. Those readers who may have experience in doing such research may want to post your suggestions and help here to guide Doug Messmann and others.
Doug Messmann writes:
"I really appreciate being able to share his picture. He was just another farm kid from Indiana who went half way around the world to fight for what he knew was right. Love ya' Grandpa.
If you would like to send a photograph of a family member who served in World War II, please forward it to FWOb at the email above left. Selected photographs will be posted.
Kathleen Quilligan writes in today's News-Sentinel about restrictive covenants that limit certain uses of real estate. Some are benign; Ms. Quilligan notes that covenants governing homes in the Kern Valley subdivision state that landowners aren't allowed to "drill for oil, quarry or mine."
Others were not benign. Restrictive covenants banning the selling or renting of homes on the basis of race or ethnicity are somewhat common in neighborhoods which were developed in the 1920's and 1930's.
“The members of the Mongolian or Ethopian races are prohibited from owning any of the lots in said addition…,” said the covenant for Highview Park Addition, written in 1942.
The restrictions aren't surprising, said The History Center's Randy Elliot.
His own neighborhood, Southwood Park, has a race restriction in its covenant, but he's not fazed by the language since federal laws make enforcement of the restrictions illegal.
“It's just a way of the times. It's no longer enforceable because of the Civil Rights Acts. I see it as a historical document,” he said.
She also wrote this as a sidebar:
A sobering history
The majority of neighborhood covenants looked at by The News-Sentinel had race restrictions. While some simply said the neighborhoods were open only to those “of the Caucasian race,” others specifically mentioned not allowing those of “Mongolian” or “Ethiopian” descent.
David Schuster, a history professor at IPFW, said neighborhoods weren't specifically targeting those two ethnicities, but were using them as umbrella terms to include a wide variety of ethnicities. For example, in the 1930s and 1940s, Mongolian meant anyone who was Asian and Ethiopian meant anyone who was black.
Some covenants have been amended, such as the one governing the Hillside Acres addition, originally written in 1946, to eliminate the racist language, but amending a neighborhood covenant requires acquiring the signatures of a large number of neighborhood residents.
Mitch Harper and his wife, Dawn Wilson, took a different approach in 1993 when they lived in the Harrison Hills Addition, where the covenant included racist language. Harper filed an affidavit with the recorder's office so it would be permanently recorded that he found his covenant's language offensive.
“It's important to those of us today that we take our own stand in our own time,” Harper said.
I was a little surprised by Ms. Quilligan's call last week. Dawn and I wanted there to be permanent record to run with the property and hadn't really discussed the affidavit with many people. As Ms. Quilligan noted, County Recorder John McGauley is working on a free searchable database of Allen County recorded covenants. He came across our affidavit last year while beginning the preliminary work on the database project.
The restrictive covenant for Harrison Hill Extended not only had the language barring those of "Ethiopian" and "Mongolian" descent - it also purported to bar "any person who is a native of any Eastern European country." So, no blacks, no Asians, no Macedonians, no Italians, no Poles, no Greeks, no Serbs, no Croats, no Hungarians and so on.
No Russian Jews, either.
Dawn and I were blessed with having the marvelous Gubitz family next door. In 1939, it was intended that such a family could not buy such a house in that Fort Wayne neighborhood? Our two houses are pictured in the LOOK magazine story on Fort Wayne as the happiest town in America. It is sickening to think that a mere decade and a half before that story was published there was recorded a then-enforceable covenant on those houses which would have barred a family such as that of the future Executive Director of the Fort Wayne Jewish Federation from purchasing or even renting.
For those of you in older neighborhoods which may have such restrictive covenants you may wish to record such an affidavit as we did. The following is part of the text of what we filed; you may use it as a guide if you prepare your own affidavit for recordation:
2. That said plat contains certain restrictive covenants with one particular restriction being denominated as Number 11, which reads as follows:
No race or nationality other than those for whom the lots in Harrison Hill Extended Unit "A" are intended, shall use or occupy any dwellings or lot except that this covenant shall not prevent occupancy by domestic servants of a different race or nationality employed by an owner or tenant, any person of the Mongolian or Ethiopian race or any person who is a native of any Eastern European country.
3. That your affiants find the language in Restrictive Covenant Number 11 to be offensive and repugnant in that said covenant expresses racial and ethnic prejudice.
4. That the language in Restrictive Covenant Number 11 is known by the affiants to be void and unenforceable under the Constitution of the United States and the Statutes of the State of Indiana.
5. That by way of this affidavit the affiants emphasize the opposition each has to the historical discriminatory practices which the language of Restrictive Covenant Number 11 expressed.
Afternoon newspapers have been either shuttering or going to morning publication for several decades as lifestyle changes caused afternoon newspaper circulation to plummet.
The advantage of publishing a morning newspaper has caused many newspaper Joint Operating Agreements to be terminated as the afternoon "partner" decided survival depended on converting to morning publication or ceasing publication.
The latest JOA to be terminated was in Albuquerque, New Mexico, where the E. W. Scripps Co. decided to sell or close the afternoon Tribune. That Joint Operating Agreement was also the oldest; established soon after Congress gave special exemption from anti-trust laws for newspapers, like the Journal Gazette and the News-Sentinel, which entered into JOAs.
Some companies which published both a morning and an afternoon newspaper ceased publication of the afternoon newspaper. Central Newspapers, for example, which was purchased by Gannett, ceased publication of its separate afternoon newspapers in Indianapolis and Phoenix.
In Fort Wayne, one wag* suggested that perhaps Fort Wayne might be the only town where the morning paper is getting closer to being an afternoon newspaper.
FWOb wasn't going to take note of something today. However, two readers sent the link to Journal Gazette Editor Craig Klugman's note on the Journal Gazette website that the pesky new press has caused the delivery of the Journal Gazette to be late again. (Also see Editor & Publisher).
One reader and YLNI member wrote:
I thought I'd read it on FWOb first. :-)
FWOb would just acknowledge that late delivery of the newspaper is excruciating for an editor and other newspaper personnel. When the "daily miracle" isn't miraculous, nobody at the newspaper is happy. We assume they will get the problems ironed out during what is turning out to be more of an extended "shake-down" cruise than the JG publisher might have liked.
The newspaper that arrives on your doorstep is a manufactured and delivered product that must be "made fresh" every day. Its "sell by" time isn't measured in months, weeks or even days. It is measured in hours.
One other person has wondered, though, why these problems have only afflicted the Journal-Gazette and not the News-Sentinel since both newspapers are printed on the same new press.
* Definition of wag: "a witty person who makes jokes." One of those words seen in newspapers but rarely used in general conversation.
The Fort Wayne Burmese community is asking for a demonstration of support for freedom and against the violent crackdown in Burma.
There will be a vigil on the Courthouse Green tonight at 7 PM.
An "extraordinary rally" has been called for Saturday afternoon:
Current political circumstances in Burma has been fast worsening as the military junta ordered it’s troops to crush the peacefully protesting monks and people – five monks and several lay people dead reportedly – in the afternoon of September 25, 2007. In addition to paying tribute to the fallen members of Sagha (Order of Buddhist Monks), we would publicly petition immediate U.S. and U.N. interventions to rescue the lives of the innocent people of Burma, who are peacefully engaged in street processions to merely exercise their freedom of expressions.
Date: September 29, 2007 (Saturday)
Time: Approx. 1 pm
Place: Courthouse Green, Downtown Fort Wayne
Reference: Steve Linsenmayer's 2006 News-Sentinel report on Burma.
Ken Burns' The War, on PBS, has sparked many discussions - and memories - of the World War II service of family members. FWOb has asked readers to send photographs of relatives who served in the military during WW II.
Jason Blosser has sent this photograph of his grandfather.
Mr. Blosser writes:
My paternal grandfather, Lamar Clayton Blosser, served in the European theater in tanks. As a small child he used to tell me how FDR personally tasked him with escorting to Fort Wayne the tank that resides at Johnny Appleseed Park. Of course, I later found out that grandpa could weave a very imaginative tale.
He died on my 18th birthday, 1988. Let's remember these men and women, because I fear for this country when the memory of their service and sacrifice begins to fade.
Jane Henney, M.D., a native of Woodburn, Indiana, was the first woman to hold the post of Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Following her service as FDA Commissioner in the Clinton administration she has served as Senior Vice-President and Provost of Health Affairs at the University of Cincinnati. That put her in charge of the university's $500 million medical and health program including the University's medical reseach.
Cliff Peale of the Cincinnati Enquirer reports that Dr. Henney will not seek an extension of her contract and will be leaving the VP and Provost position in June of 2008.
Henney, senior vice president and provost for health affairs at UC, told colleagues earlier this month that she would not seek an extension of her five-year contract next year because the vision for the Academic Health Center now "is substantially different than the one I was recruited to pursue in 2003."
She specifically cited UC's strained budgets and a "changing clinical environment" for cutting-edge research.
[ ... ]
A UC spokesman said Henney would continue to teach in UC's College of Medicine in areas including health policy and biomedical research. [ ... ]
Henney is one of only a handful of UC executives who report directly to President Nancy Zimpher. The Academic Health Center's budget is almost half of UC's total budget of almost $1 billion a year.
After Henney switches jobs next summer, UC could use various models for governing the medical and health functions, which include the Hoxworth Blood Center, colleges including Medicine, Allied Health and Nursing, and the Genome Research Institute.
Her salary as senior vice president and provost is $237,578, spokesman Richard Puff said. Her salary as an instructor in the internal medicine department still has to be negotiated, he said.
Henney is trained as a medical oncologist but has worked in an administrative role "for many, many years," Puff said.
US Senator Richard G. Lugar's staff may not be baseball fans. His Fort Wayne field office has decamped from the E. Ross Adair Federal Building and has relocated to Covington Plaza.
The southwest Fort Wayne location is a walk-in storefront. Parking is at the door and there won't be any metal detector to walk through.
The Adair Federal Building is located on Harrison two blocks south of Jefferson Boulevard and will be surrounded on three sides by the Harrison Square project.
One Congressional staffer told FWOb that numerous studies show a much higher visitation by constituents at storefront locations than at office buildings.
As an aside, the Lugar folks will have new cuisine choices in their near Time Corners spot. The El Patron Restaurant is to open soon in the former Jefferson Pointe location of the Hacienda Restaurant. The other site of Hacienda in Fort Wayne at the corner of Lima Road and Dupont Road was torn down within the last month.
Scott Greider and Jon Swerens are the proprietors of a weblog that should spark some very intelligent discussion about the direction of Fort Wayne. They have titled it "The Good City, a Fort Wayne website about city, culture and church".
It is recommended reading. The following is an abridged version of a September 20th post by Jon Swerens. In the full post he takes issue with fellow News-Sentinel employee Kevin Leininger. You may view the post in its entirety here.
4 Reasons to not bust a gaping hole into a historic theater
Forget about building a downtown aquarium. Fort Wayne wants to build a suspended, over-the-street, glass-boxed, out-of-town-visitorium.
In an effort to prevent convention goers from ever having to walk on an actual sidewalk, the folks building Harrison Square downtown want to carve a hole into the west side of the historic Embassy Theatre (actually, that side of the building contains the old Indiana Hotel) and build a pedestrian walkway across a two-lane street.
[ ... ]
Before we rent the reciprocating saws, let’s consider some possible drawbacks to busting a hole in the side of the Embassy:
You’d be busting a hole in the side of the Embassy. You can’t undo this kind of destruction. Will future generations wonder what kinds of dopes we were for saving such a beautiful structure from destruction, only to ram a makeshift shiv into its side? While we’re at it, should we build a walkway from the Lincoln Tower to the courthouse so the lawyers won’t get wet in the rain?
You wouldn’t really be helping visitors that much. As visitors walk over two-lane Harrison Street, they’ll be kicking themselves as they realize it would have been faster for them just to use the crosswalk.
You’d be using the proximity of the historic Embassy for your own downtown goals. The Embassy doesn’t get any real boost for becoming a conventioneers’ bypass — except for some cash, of course.
You’d be telling visitors that there’s nothing interesting about a Fort Wayne sidewalk. Aren’t there going to be shops along Jefferson Boulevard as a part of Harrison Square? Wouldn’t we like visitors to actually walk past them?